Choosing your aff

Something of interest to you (K vs. policy) – keep in mind the judging pool where you usually debate

Big vs. small
Big case – big school, lots of research, fast, enjoy big impact debates
Small case – good at explaining why things don’t link, slow, persuasive

Strategic considerations – what arguments are you most worried about losing on – need a good, specific reason the US is key, also good to have specific answers to major disads

T – can have a strategic advantage but an easy way to lose
Lose on T/lose because of T
Make sure you are VERY PREPARED on T argument

Writing the 1AC

Needs to go together with a clear, coherent story – make sure there are all of the necessary internal links
Make your 1AC cross-x proof – anticipate possible objections
Tags can be longer and more explanatory in the 1AC but make sure there is a short, flowable label at the beginning of your tag – The US is key – they are the largest consumers of fossil fuels
Avoid redundancy
Deemphasize inherency – neg is not likely to answer inherency – they need your case to be inherent for DAs to be unique
Inherency args can be links to DAs – plan not done now means it’s unpopular now
Emphasize your advantages – should be the majority of the 1AC – make sure you can outweigh DAs
Put longer cards in the 1AC that you don’t have time to read in other speeches
Make sure the 1AC is not redundant – if you have multiple cards that say the same thing, they should have necessary warrants – don’t highlight all of the good parts of each card – start from the question what do we need to prove and underline/highlight things in from there – but 1AC cards shouldn’t be insanely short either
Pick 1AC cards and arguments to preempt likely/common neg arguments
-your solvency contention should have several cards on the US is key
-your advantage should have cards you can use to outweigh disads
-if there are common case takeouts, make sure you have 1 card in the 1AC to answer them
Multi-purpose cards
-use cards creatively for more than one purpose – inherency cards can be used as T cards, DA non-uniques (funding now, but it’s not enough or is allocated badly), CP preempts (X country is trying to solve the problem now but is failing)
-If some cards in your 1AC don’t get extended frequently in the 2AC, you should strongly consider taking them out or replacing them
-You should change the 1AC often – replace with newer, better, or more useful cards

Remember that everything you put in the 1AC is a possible link to negative positions – go through everything in the 1AC making SURE you can defend it – if not, take it out
-don’t have politics links in the 1AC
-don’t have any cards that suggest that other countries could solve

Write your plan carefully
-Base your plan on your solvency cards – the more closely they match, the better you will be able to answer counterplans
-Anticipate possible PICs and make sure you can answer each part – if the plan gives prevention AND treatment, make sure you can defend that both are necessary – make sure eyou don’t have any cards in the 1AC that 1 of the 2 is sufficient
-Avoid acronyms and use the active voice
-Don’t put the whole resolution in your plan text – it just gives the neg PIC ground
-Unless you have a defense of your agent, don’t specify your agent

Read through the whole 1AC several times to make sure it’s clear and understandable

CX of 1AC
Pay attention – clues to what arguments they plan on reading (turn up in the accordion)
Don’t interrupt unless absolutely necessary

What to do during the 1NC
Build a fortress – all accordions should be readily accessible
Don’t stand up – your partner should get and read the other team’s ev and pull other stuff you need out of tubs
Pull blocks out as you hear args
Flow functionally – only write down args you need – NEED TO PAY ATTENTION THE WHOLE TIME
Should have blocks pulled by the time the 1NC is over – use CX to prep case args, pull cards from other files and places (like to answer impacts), and figure out how to answer new args

Pay attention – your partner should ask questions about the logical flaws in args – don’t count until you talk about them

After the CX – take a little time to consult with your partner and let them tell you any args you should make or args you should make sure to answer, inform them of anything drastic you plan on doing
Leave all flows you’re not using with your partner so they can backflow faster
Don’t be afraid to take the prep time you need to get organized and make sure you have everything you need – last opportunity to make new args

2AC strategy
Preparation before the tournament can save you time during the debate – blocks (even for case args)
Don’t rely too much on blocks -
Number arguments – easier for judge, 1AR
Balance time allocation – decide before how much time per page, practice sticking to that plan
Order matters – T first, then case, then CPs/kritiks, then DAs from best to worst
Diversity is key – offense and defense (don’t undersell defense, should almost never straight turn) – remember to win a link turn you also have to prove non-unique – DON’T be redundant – save other stuff as extensions
Prioritize best args
Analytical arguments are key – should be about 1 analytical for every 2 cards (or more) on each position – have your partner skim their cards to give you ideas – point out missing internal links, lack of author qualifications, things that don’t make sense, contradictions, examples that empirically disprove – can save cards to read in the 1AR if necessary – good way to get rid of bad DAs without investing much time but without leaving yourself vulnerable
Be flowable – don’t put too many analyticals together and have flowable tags
Use your 1AC – should rarely need to read new case cards if written well, also use against other off-case arguments
Be efficient on case – don’t waste much time referencing their arguments

Answering DAs
Attack as many parts of the DA as possible – esp IL and UQ
Have an impact accordion (new DAs)
Begin impact calculus
Link turning is better than impact turning

Answer CPs
0-2 theory args

Answering Ks
ALWAYS Alt doesn’t solve
ALWAYS answer the impact

Can’t waste any time
Prioritize best args – circle ones on each flow with a couple extras in mind if you have time
Diversity less important, develop depths, read more cards if necessary
Talk to your partner about 1AR strategy!!!
Flow well and make sure they don’t drop key args

More about story – don’t lose sight of the big picture and your case
Prioritize your best offense, then their best offense
Should have a substantial amount of evidence comparison – you should have read or skimmed all of their cards by now
Limit overviews to what can’t be done on the line-by-line – good to have if you are pointing out relationships between arguments
Make sure to answer all important 2NR arguments – you have time so use it well
Prioritize even more – usually a couple of arguments extended in the 1AR aren’t worth going for – like theory, etc.